The local Mi'kmaq peoples began trading with European fishermen when the fishermen began landing in their territories as early as the 1520s. Ratings for many Cape Breton locations on this site are provided by TripAdvisor. Cape Breton Island is joined to the mainland by the Canso Causeway, which was completed in 1955, enabling direct road and rail traffic to and from the island, but requiring marine traffic to pass through the Canso Canal at the eastern end of the causeway. It’s that magical time of year when the temperature starts dropping and snow blankets the landscapes. The colony of Cape Breton Island had its capital at Sydney on its namesake harbour fronting on Spanish Bay and the Cabot Strait. A number of United Empire Loyalists emigrated to the Canadian colonies, including Cape Breton. While the Cape Breton Regional Municipality is in transition from an industrial to a service-based economy, the rest of Cape Breton Island outside the industrial area surrounding Sydney-Glace Bay has been more stable, with a mixture of fishing, forestry, small-scale agriculture, and tourism. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. After the French ceded their claims to Newfoundland and the Acadian mainland to the British by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the French relocated the population of Plaisance, Newfoundland, to Ãle Royale and the French garrison was established in the central eastern part at Sainte Anne. Although winter conditions prevented the freeing of the prisoners, the mission did result in the capture of Mellish, a vessel carrying a vital supply of winter clothing intended for John Burgoyne's troops in Canada. , Gaelic speakers in Cape Breton, as elsewhere in Nova Scotia, furnished a large proportion of the local population from the 18th century on. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). An interesting fact about Cape Breton county is that it was formed in 1995 as an amalgamation between several towns. Cape Breton is well known for its traditional fiddle music, which was brought to North America by Scottish immigrants during the Highland Clearances. The 1920s were some of the most violent times in Cape Breton. 5 out of 5 stars (1,389) 1,389 reviews $ 13.99. English is now the primary language, including a locally distinctive Cape Breton accent, while Mi'kmaq, Scottish Gaelic and Acadian French are still spoken in some communities. The Cape Breton Post was founded in 1901 and is based in Sydney. There’s no need to break the bank when you’re looking to fill up a fun day on the Island. Acadians who had been expelled from Nova Scotia and Ãle Royale were permitted to settle in Cape Breton beginning in 1764, and established communities in north-western Cape Breton, near Cheticamp, and southern Cape Breton, on and near Isle Madame.  Gaelic settlement in Cape Breton began in earnest in the early nineteenth century. All rights reserved. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Cape Breton, NS. Curated by Cape Breton Centre for Craft & Des the Inverness Coal Field in the western part of the island along the Gulf of St. Lawrence is significantly smaller but hosted several mines. The 10,311 km2 (3,981 sq mi) island accounts for 18.7% of Nova Scotia's total area. Saint John Fortifications: 1630â1956. Favorite Add to More colors Cape Breton Island, NS - …  Sydney Cape Breton provided a vital supply of coal for Halifax throughout the war. With short commute times and unlimited recreation opportunities, your time will be filled with what matters most to you. The island has five reserves of the Miêkmaq Nation: Eskasoni, Membertou, Wagmatcook, Waycobah, and Potlotek/Chapel Island. Dylan Guthro; musician. Cape Breton Island was also ranked the #1 Island in Canada at the prestigious 2020 Travel + Leisure World’s Best Awards. The island's residents can be grouped into five main cultures: Scottish, Mi'kmaq, Acadian, Irish, English, with respective languages Scottish Gaelic, Mi'kmaq, French, and English. by Charles Bruce Fergusson", "Donald Marshall Jr., Symbol of Bias, Dies at 55", "Holy Angels graduation "bittersweet" as Sydney school sets to close", "Canadian Climate Normals 1971â2000: Sydney, Nova Scotia", "Cape Breton â Sydney, Nova Scotia (Code 0913) and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia (Code 1217030) (table). The most popular species of whale found in Cape Breton's waters is the Pilot whale. We have reviews of the best places to see in Cape Breton Island. Here, you can hear a number of other languages, like French and Mi'kmaq, even Gaelic! Tourism businesses with the Clean It Right designation have completed a training program to ensure they are cleaning their establishment with the safety of their guests in mind. David Mathews, the former Mayor of New York City during the American Revolution, emigrated with his family to Cape Breton in 1783. Dartmouth: Brook House Press.p. Cape Breton Island is a large island comprising the northeastern portion of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. While French settlers returned to their homes in Ãle Royale after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed in 1748, the fortress was demolished after the second siege. Drive the world famous Cabot Trail and the breathtaking Cape Breton Highlands. The Best Cape Breton Island has to offer, direct to your inbox. Steve Arbuckle is a Canadian-born actor born in Cape Breton Island. Cape Breton is known for its spectacular beauty, vibrant living cultures and outdoor adventure and this is especially so during our winters. " Major categories included: Much of the recent economic history of Cape Breton Island can be tied to the coal industry. These fishermen traded with the local population but did not maintain a permanent settlement. William Davis Miners' Memorial Day is celebrated in coal mining towns to commemorate the deaths of miners at the hands of the coal companies. Whale-watching is a popular attraction for tourists. © Thu Dec 03 10:23:46 PST 2020 Cape Breton Credit Union. Timothy Hierlihy and his Times: The story of the Founder of Antigonish, Nova Scotia. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia on Tripadvisor: See 80,900 traveller reviews and photos of Cape Breton Island tourist attractions. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. See for yourself why Cape Breton Island continues to be recognized as the #1 Island in North America. He established a summer estate complete with research laboratories, working with deaf peopleâincluding Helen Kellerâand continued to invent. The Strait of Canso is completely navigable to Seawaymax vessels, and Port Hawkesbury is open to the deepest-draught vessels on the world's oceans. While commercial shipping no longer uses the St. Peters Canal, it remains an important waterway for recreational vessels. Cape Breton Island has been ranked the #1 Island in North America by Condé Nast Traveler readers. Children were no longer being raised with Gaelic. Page Their total population at the 2016 census numbered 132,010 Cape Bretoners; this is approximately 15% of the provincial population. The Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway maintains railway connections between the port of Sydney to the Canadian National Railway in Truro. , Gaelic speakers, however, tended to be poor; they were largely illiterate and had little access to education. Written in the trails that marble her face. Cape Breton artists who have been recognized with major national or international awards include actor Harold Russell of North Sydney, who won an Academy Award in 1946 for his portrayal of Homer Parrish in The Best Years of Our Lives, and Lynn Coady and Linden MacIntyre of Inverness County, who are both past winners of the Giller Prize for Canadian literature. Large marine vessels may also enter Bras d'Or Lake through the Great Bras d'Or channel, and small craft can use the Little Bras d'Or channel or St. Peters Canal. Highway 125 is an important arterial route around Sydney Harbour in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. They include fluent speakers from Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland and speakers who became fluent in Nova Scotia and who in some cases studied in Scotland. Although Cape Breton is part of Nova Scotia, it has a distinct identity. Cape Breton poem by Elizabeth Bishop. While there, Hierlihy reported that he "beat off many piratical attacks, killed some and took other prisoners.". Timothy Hierlihy and his Times: The story of the Founder of Antigonish, N.S. They were marked by several severe labour disputes. Such emigration was facilitated by changes in Gaelic society and the economy, with sharp increases in rents, confiscation of land and disruption of local customs and rights. In Nova Scotia, poetry and song in Gaelic flourished. He accurately predicted a magnitude 7 earthquake in New Zealand in November 2016. Cape Breton Island's population has been in decline two decades with an increasing exodus in recent years due to economic conditions. Nova Scotia Historical Society., p.42, Thomas B. Akins. Baddeck would be the site of his experiments with hydrofoil technologies as well as the Aerial Experiment Association, financed by his wife, which saw the first powered flight in Canada when the AEA Silver Dart took off from the ice-covered waters of Bras d'Or Lake. Glace Bay was the hub of the Sydney & Louisburg Railway and a major fishing port. The mineral rights to the island were given over to the Duke of York by an order-in-council. This traditional fiddle music of Cape Breton is studied by musicians around the world, where its global recognition continues to rise. We have reviews of the best places to see in Cape Breton Island. Many marvel at the breathtaking views Cape Breton has in the summertime, but have you ever truly appreciated unwinding in our gorgeous winter? , The Gaelic language became dominant from Colchester County in the west of Nova Scotia into Cape Breton County in the east. The Canadian Coast Guard College is nearby at Westmount. The climate is one of mild, often pleasantly warm summers and cold winters, although the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf Stream moderates the extreme winter cold found on the mainland, especially on the east side that faces the Atlantic. Averages are for Sydney N. S., which is 6 miles from Cape Breton Regional Municipality. The scenery of the island is rivalled in northeastern North America by only Newfoundland; and Cape Breton Island tourism marketing places a heavy emphasis on its Scottish Gaelic heritage through events such as the Celtic Colours Festival, held each October, as well as promotions through the Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts. In addition to Cape Breton Island, the French colony of Ãle Royale also included Ãle Saint-Jean, today called Prince Edward Island, and Les Ãles-de-la-Madeleine. The Cape Breton SPCA proudly follows no-kill principles and does not receive any government funding for their shelter. The dirty water in the sink would rush from the washer hose, bubbling up, threatening to overflow, but it never did. Today, Cape Breton is an island famous for its Celtic heritage, which visitors may enjoy through the music, food and charm of the people. Known as "Ãle Royale" ("Royal Island") to the French, the island also saw active settlement by France. Coupled with the Fortress of Louisbourg, it has driven the growth of the tourism industry on the island in recent decades. Your support saves lives. Tourism in particular has grown throughout the post-Second World War era, especially the growth in vehicle-based touring, which was furthered by the creation of the Cabot Trail scenic drive. Annual Weather Averages Near Cape Breton Regional Municipality. It’s etched in her craggy cliffs. To know our Island is to know she’s an unyielding beauty, one which breeds a fierce spirit, resolute pride, and resilient communities knit together by tradition. Stroll along our beautiful beaches and rugged coastline. The shoreline of Bras d'Or Lake at Marble Mountain, Inverness Co. A bulk carrier in the Strait of Canso docked at the Martin Marietta Materials quarry at Cape Porcupine, Entering Cape Breton Island from Canso Causeway, Seal Island Bridge in Victoria County, the 3rd-longest in Nova Scotia, Sydney Harbour with Point Edward, Westmount, and downtown Sydney visible, Coordinates: 46Â°10â²N 60Â°45â²W / 46.167Â°N 60.750Â°W / 46.167; -60.750, "Cape Breton" redirects here. Eskasoni is the largest in both population and land area. In 1784, Britain split the colony of Nova Scotia into three separate colonies: New Brunswick, Cape Breton Island, and present-day peninsular Nova Scotia, in addition to the adjacent colonies of St. John's Island (renamed Prince Edward Island in 1798) and Newfoundland. He succeeded Macarmick as head of the colony and served from 1795 to 1798. Winter is no time to sit back and let the season pass you by, it's full of adventure, events and hospitality. He composed a song about the area called "O 's Ã lainn an t-Ã ite", or "O, Fair is the Place.". American artists like sculptor Richard Serra, composer Philip Glass and abstract painter John Beardman spent part of the year on Cape Breton Island. This situation still obtained in the early twentieth century. This Portuguese colony's fate is unknown, but it is mentioned as late as 1570.. In Cape Breton it was still a majority language, but the proportion was falling. The market is always busy! Cape Breton Island’s story is told in many ways. Statistics Canada in 2001 reported a "religion" total of 145,525 for Cape Breton, including 5,245 with "no religious affiliation. Cape Breton Island's northern portion is dominated by the Cape Breton Highlands, commonly shortened to simply the "Highlands", which are an extension of the Appalachian mountain chain. It was then merged with the adjacent, British colony of Nova Scotia (present day peninsular Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). He spent his first winter using his upside-down boat for shelter, which is reflected in the architecture of the village's Community Centre. Find hand-made treasures & bold and beautiful works of art. When we think of waterfalls, the image that comes to our mind is tropical pools, cascading water, peace and calmness. These settlements lasted only one generation, until Nicolas Denys left in 1659. Considerable snowfall occurs in winter, especially in the highlands. In about 1521â22, the Portuguese under JoÃ£o Ãlvares Fagundes established a fishing colony on the island. Following his successful invention of the telephone and being relatively wealthy, Bell acquired land near Baddeck in 1885, largely due to surroundings reminiscent of his early years in Scotland.  French ships (fighting with the Americans) were re-coaling and defeated a British convoy. Discover jewellery, fashion accessories, homewares and gifts designed and handcrafted by Cape Breton-based makers. George Emmerson argues that an "ancient and rich" tradition of storytelling, song, and Gaelic poetry emerged during the 18th century and was transplanted from the Highlands of Scotland to Nova Scotia, where the language similarly took root there. It has the largest readership of any publication based in Cape Breton. Cape Breton Island is divided into four counties: Cape Breton, Inverness, Richmond, and Victoria. Pjila’si, Cíad Míle Fáilte, Bienvenue—welcome to a place loved by many and home to a lucky few. You name it, you can do it on Cape Breton Island! C. J. MacGillivray. Marconi's pioneering work in Cape Breton marked the beginning of modern radio technology. As the harbour at Sainte Anne experienced icing problems, it was decided to build a much larger fortification at Louisbourg to improve defences at the entrance to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and to defend France's fishing fleet on the Grand Banks. Alive in the millennia’s old history of Unama’ki—Cape Breton Island’s true name, the ancestral and unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq People. The advent of multiculturalism in Canada in the 1960s meant that new educational opportunities became available, with a gradual strengthening of the language at secondary and tertiary level. I hope you will want to help me tell everyone who cares about Cape Breton Island that the website is available. It currently has a population of roughly 99,000 inhabitants and occupies a total land area of approximately 2,400 square kilometres. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Cape Breton Island, Canada on Tripadvisor: See 20,608 traveler reviews and photos of Cape Breton Island tourist attractions. The Rankin Family and Rita MacNeil have recorded multiple albums certified as Double Platinum by Music Canada.. Come late November, when parts of Canada begin to be blanketed with snow, Cape Breton wonders if Mother Nature has forgotten her. The island's primary eastâwest road is Highway 105, the Trans-Canada Highway, although Trunk 4 is also heavily used. The Margaree's of Cape Breton also serve as a large contributor of fiddle music celebrated throughout the island. Ship facilities are also in Sydney the game of golf is not about equipment, scores or handicaps, 's. Began in earnest in the early twentieth century Canadian colonies, including Cape Island. And used items, cars, real cape breton & central nova scotia railway limited filters to find the perfect to... 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